International Conference on Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology Was Successfully Held at Zhejiang UniversityPublished： 04/23/2019
On April 14th, 2019, the International Seminar on Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology was successfully held at the School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University. About 40 scholars from Indiana University, Leiden University, University of Montreal, Fudan University, Hangzhou Dianzi University, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Zhejiang University attended the seminar.
Professor Cassidy Rose Sugimoto delivered a keynote speech entitled “Global Science Indicators: From Data to Policy”, stating that science is a global, dynamic and cooperative activity. Based on the increasing complexity of scientific achievements, it is necessary to make innovations on dynamic measurement indicators and take into account the mobility, cooperation and specialization of science, which is significant for measuring the dynamic growth of national science. In addition, the impact of policies on scientific liquidity should not be neglected.
Professor Vincent Larivièremade a keynote speech entitled “Measuring Research: from the Impact Factor to Open Access”. Firstly, he outlined some research indicators and their limitations since the establishment of the Scientific Citation Index, and discussed some negative effects of the famous indicator “impact factor”. Then, he elaborated on the current changes of academic communication—the role of open access in the emerging digital ecosystemand its impact on journals, sponsors, universities and researchers. Professor Shu Fei and Professor Cao Cong respectively delivered speeches entitled “Can Twitter Increase the Visibility of Your Publications?” and “Returning Scientists and the Emergence of China’s Science System”, both of which are novel and thought-provoking.
Thereafter, Ludo Waltman delivered a keynote speech entitled “Contextualized Scientometrics: What's behind the Numbers”, demonstrating that contextualized scientometrics is more scientific than traditional isolated indicators. Professor Vincent Traag focuses on the trend of self-citation in Europe, the United States and China. The research “International Citations and the Rise of China” shows that in many disciplines, the United States is increasingly inclined to self-citation, whereas China is on the contrary. Facts proved that the United States seems to be becoming more and more isolated, while China is more and more involved in international affairs. This trend is the representation of the rise of Chinese science and the relative decline of American science.
Professor Tang Li explored the relationship between academic mobility and the speed of winning titles of prestigious universities by analyzing the curriculum vitae of scholars who have won the Cheung Kong Achievement Award. She found that local relations promoted the career development of Chinese scholars while international academic mobility had little impact on their career development and even slowed down their development speed.
Professor Zhou Ping delivered a keynote speech entitled “Government Funding, International Collaboration, and Their Interactions in Academic Research”, emphasizing the important role of fund supports and international cooperations in scientific development. The increasing funds is conducive to the development of basic science, but the sources of government funding vary from country to country. The government funding of China and Brazil is concentrated in one institution, while in the United States, Germany and the Netherlands, sources are relatively decentralized. NSF, DFG, NWO and NRF are more efficient than NSFC and CNPq in improving the impact of citation. However, it is not every country can benefit from international cooperation,developing countries and developed countries benefit a lot. Therefore, developed countries, especially the United States, may be the first choice of China’s international partners.
At the end of the seminar, Professor Zhou Ping made a closing speech. She pointed out that the collisions of different views are excited and the extensive and deep discussion over problems such as the forms and context of representation inspired new ideas and methods for future quantitative studies of science and technology and their dialogue with the world.